Understanding Six Sigma and Stages of DMAIC

General Article

Six Sigma methodology was first introduced by Motorola in 1987 by an Engineer named Bill Smith and fully supported by Bob Galvin as CEO of Motorola at the time as a Strategy to improve and improve the process and quality control (Process Improvement and Quality Control) in his company. Six Sigma came to prominence and became Popular worldwide after Jack Welch used it as a General Electric Business Strategy (GE) in 1995. In general, Six Sigma is a methodology used to make continuous or continuous improvement and improvement processes (Continuous Improvement).

SIX SIGMA is derived from the SIX word meaning six (6) and SIGMA which is the unit of Standard Deviation which is also symbolized by the symbol σ, Six Sigma is also often symbolized to be 6σ. The higher the Sigma, the better the quality. In other words, the higher the Sigma the lower the level of disability or failure. To reduce the possibility of failure, you can apply for training in Six Sigma Green Belt Training.

Six Sigma’s strategies are:

  • Focus on Customer Satisfaction and Needs (Customer Focused)
  • Lowering the disability rate (Reduce Defect)
  • Ranging around the Target Center (Center around Target)
  • Reduce Variation

The basic concept of Six Sigma actually comes from a mix of TQM (Total Quality Management) Concept and Statistical Process Control (SPC) where the two concepts come from the thoughts of experts such as Deming, Ishikawa, Walter Shewhart and Crossby. In its development, Six Sigma, which was originally a metric, developed into a Methodology and is now a Management System.

In the Six Sigma Implementation, the target for disability or process failure is controlled in the 3.4 DPMO target (Defects per Million Opportunities), which means that in 1 Million units produced there are only 3.4 defective units. Means the company produces products with the level of customer satisfaction reached 99.9997%.

Position in Six Sigma

Position levels for insiders in Six Sigma Methodology are:

  • Champion / Sponsor (Top Management)
  • Master Black Belt
  • Black Belt
  • Green Belt
  • Team Members (Team Members)
  • Process Owner (Owner or person working on the process)

Knowledge of Statistics is a must-have for people using the Six Sigma Methodology especially in Green Belt, Black Belt and Master Black Belt positions.

To obtain the Green Belt certification, Black Belt and Master Black Belt are required special training and are tested by a testing body such as ASQ (United States) and SQI (Singapore).
Stages of DMAIC

There are 5 stages used by Six Sigma in problem solving known as DMAIC method, that is:

  1. DEFINE

That is the first stage in Six Sigma to define and select problems to be solved along with Cost, benefits and impact on Customer (customer)

Tools (Tools) used in the Define stage include:

  • Function Deployment Process Map
  • SIPOC Map (Supplier Diagram, Input, Process, Output and Customer)
  • Pareto Chart
  • FMEA (Failure Mode Effect Analysis)
  • Affinity Diagram
  • Relation Diagram
  • Cause and Effect Analysis (Fishbone Chart and Cause and Effect Matrix)
  1. MEASURE

Measurement is a Measurement Stage of Problems that has been … Read More

Oil Costs And Its Influence On The Global Economy

General Article

The cost of oil has a dramatic effect on the worldwide market. When its traded in large volumes all over the world, The cost of petroleum is a critical global financial variable, meaning that trading is affected by political and industrial issues. Generally, higher oil prices have a tendency to undermine economic expansion since this raises shipping and travel costs, which raise inflationary pressures. If the purchase price of oil stays high over an extended period, the price of downstream products such as plastics and fertilizers are influenced also.There’s an indication that there might be a limitation in petroleum supplies and it can continue to be pushed up costs.

Citigroup claims that there is more inclined to be a continued lack of petroleum than a major jump in distribution in the forthcoming quarters because of weak investment in mining and development, there is a probability of a market squeeze early next season fxtrade777.Possessing a very low oil price for a protracted period is likewise not an unequivocally positive element for the international market. After the amount of oil stays low for a long time, the businesses which drill and explore for oil can’t raise the funds they will need to locate and generate enough. Because a decent supply of petroleum is vital to the financial security of most people, it’s crucial that these businesses have the ability to continue their job.

There are two forms of contracts in regards to petroleum trading: place contracts and futures contracts. This would include the need to instantly deliver the merchandise to the buyer. Whereas a futures contract could visit on locking in a cost for a predetermined date in the long term. This will allow the seller and buyer to protect themselves from the risk of changing costs. However, if overlooked, a buyer could wind up paying twice on a ticket reselling marketplace.

Futures make it possible for individuals who do not need to take physical delivery of their products to profit from fluctuations in costs. Therefore it allows everyone to get involved in petroleum trading.

An interesting fact to know is: that the futures market isn’t a guarantee of the true cost of oil after that shipping date comes. There could be enormous differences because there are lots of things that might affect the purchase price between.

There are different aspects which could ascertain whether the oil transaction will stay low. A few of the events which need to be observed when trading petroleum is Geopolitical insecurity, which nearly always includes an immediate influence upon the purchase price of this commodity. War, or even the danger of battle, will push the purchase price of oil up. In the same way, if there’s political instability affecting a significant oil producer –which happens a lot, as most are growing countries–elections or other governmental changes in those nations can push the cost too. This is the reason why it’s essential to always keep up with the investing of petroleum in the foreign exchange industry. … Read More

Enjoying the Beautiful Climate of Greece

General Article

I found myself looking at https://mykonosestates.com after deciding I wanted to spend about three months in Greece. I make a tidy bundle of cash as a writer and decided that I wanted to get out of the United States during the winter in order to write my new novel. I felt I wasn’t making any progress on my latest novel while living in my home in upstate New York. Even worse, the winter was fast approaching and I really felt like picking up and moving to a warm clime would work wonders on my mood and on the progress of my book.

The problem was that I wasn’t sure how to just pick up and move to a foreign country for three months. I picked Greece because my agent said the weather there is fantastic and that I would love the people and the amazing views. She suggested looking at the island of Mykonos because she spent time there with her parents back in the 1980s and thought it was the best place she’s ever seen.… Read More

The Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Training

General Article

In Quality improvement methodology, professionals those who have knowledge about Lean Six Sigma Black Belts are reckoned as important professionals. These professionals are highly trained professionals and these professionals lead a quality improvement starting. These professionals are trained in the Six Sigma methodology and can be able to lead a team with full responsibility particularly for large scale quality improvement projects. Also, such professionals are knowledgeable in using the techniques, standard principles and tools of Six Sigma. A Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Certification covers all these concepts.

A Six Sigma Black Belt has a thorough grounding in all aspects of the phases of define, analyze, measure, control, and can identify non-value-added elements and activities. In addition, the professionals of Six sigma can be able to work on continual quality improvement by solving and analyzing the quality problems and able to create a high-performance organization with their knowledge.

Courses like quality management course provide entire knowledge on lean six sigma black belt. This should be learned after the Green Belt. Participants those who learn this black belt will be able to assume team leading with confidence and able to allocate roles and responsibilities to team members. Also, participants will get an entire and detailed knowledge of Lean Six sigma and how it focuses on removing defects via process improvement. After learning this six sigma black belt one should be able to apply the techniques six sigma for project improvement. Also, one should understand the topics of Lean Six Sigma Black Belt in a comprehensive manner.

What are the benefits of learning Lean Six Sigma Black Belt?

By learning Lean Six Sigma Black Belt participants will

  • Learn about the basic principles and philosophy behind the Lean Six Sigma methods
  • Learn how to apply statistical methods to improve business processes
  • Learn how to design and implement Six Sigma projects
  • Learn the process of DMAIC
  • Able to work on root cause analysis and basic statistical analyses on process measurements
  • Understand how to identify and control wasteful processes
  • Learn to evaluate daily activities, to reduce cycle times, and improve quality
  • Evaluate problems, statistically and quantitatively
  • Increase profitability using Lean Six Sigma methodology
  • Lead the Six Sigma team in your organization, and mentor Green and Yellow Belts

The targeted audience for Six Sigma

The Lean Six Sigma Black Belt program can be pursued by professionals those who want to develop the ability to guide process initiatives. That is this is suitable for

  • Financial/business analyst
  • Quality manager
  • Project manager
  • Commodity manager
  • Business development manager
  • Manufacturing process engineer
  • Continuous improvement director
  • Business managers or consultants
  • Project manager/Program Manager
  • Director or VP of Operations
  • CEO, CFO, CTO

In general, one should learn about Six Sigma, the meaning of Six Sigma, its improvements, deliverables of lean six sigma projects, the roles and responsibilities of Six Sigma, how to define a process, the Critical to Quality Characteristics CTQs, Cost of Poor Quality COPQ etc

 … Read More

Top 4 Reasons to Pursue a Career at Sea

General Article

The sea has always attracted mankind be it for a sense of adventure, freedom from oppression, some challenge or for earning money. There was a time when ‘running away to sea’ was used as a euphemism for running away from problems, but not today when jobs at the sea actually mean earning well.

Let us see why people choose a career at sea today.

  1. Handsome Salary: The pay packets for shipping jobs are much higher than those working in the same designation onshore. In most of the developing countries, the ship officers who are on assignments on internationally trading ships get real heavy pay packets with considerable opportunities of accumulating the savings at a much younger age. Besides having a handsome salary, the value of wage is further increased as these salaries are often tax-free.
  2. Travelling Opportunities: The modern ships are hardly at the port and most of the time they are on their routes to almost every part of the globe. Those who love to travel thus find the shipping jobs very apt as they can travel for free and see interesting and unusual places around. Even if they are not on a ship duty, the seafarers are given shore-based jobs in shipping offices that are spread across various geographical locations.
  3. Long Holiday Break: In a normal office job, the maximum leave one can avail at a stretch is for 2-3 weeks under normal circumstances. The shipping jobs offer extended holidays to the seafarers that can last up to 6 months at a stretch for intercontinental or “deep sea” trades. The short sea trips have terms like one-month working, which is followed by a month of paid leave. Thus, people working on ship assignments often have the luxury of pursuing their hobbies during these breaks or spending long quality time with their families and friends.
  4. Job Security and Flexibility: The shipping industry not only offers well-paid jobs, but also provides ample of job opportunities and flexibility. Those officers working on merchant ships hold internationally recognised qualifications that meet the standards specified by the United Nations International Maritime Organization. These officers have the choice of working for any one of the thousands of international shipping companies. After a few years at sea, they can also choose to take up an onshore job related to the shipping industry like marine surveying, shipping company management etc.

Joining the career in a shipping industry is like belonging to a special international club where you enjoy a cosmopolitan life on board.… Read More