Understanding Six Sigma and Stages of DMAIC

Six Sigma methodology was first introduced by Motorola in 1987 by an Engineer named Bill Smith and fully supported by Bob Galvin as CEO of Motorola at the time as a Strategy to improve and improve the process and quality control (Process Improvement and Quality Control) in his company. Six Sigma came to prominence and became Popular worldwide after Jack Welch used it as a General Electric Business Strategy (GE) in 1995. In general, Six Sigma is a methodology used to make continuous or continuous improvement and improvement processes (Continuous Improvement).

SIX SIGMA is derived from the SIX word meaning six (6) and SIGMA which is the unit of Standard Deviation which is also symbolized by the symbol σ, Six Sigma is also often symbolized to be 6σ. The higher the Sigma, the better the quality. In other words, the higher the Sigma the lower the level of disability or failure. To reduce the possibility of failure, you can apply for training in Six Sigma Green Belt Training.

Six Sigma’s strategies are:

  • Focus on Customer Satisfaction and Needs (Customer Focused)
  • Lowering the disability rate (Reduce Defect)
  • Ranging around the Target Center (Center around Target)
  • Reduce Variation

The basic concept of Six Sigma actually comes from a mix of TQM (Total Quality Management) Concept and Statistical Process Control (SPC) where the two concepts come from the thoughts of experts such as Deming, Ishikawa, Walter Shewhart and Crossby. In its development, Six Sigma, which was originally a metric, developed into a Methodology and is now a Management System.

In the Six Sigma Implementation, the target for disability or process failure is controlled in the 3.4 DPMO target (Defects per Million Opportunities), which means that in 1 Million units produced there are only 3.4 defective units. Means the company produces products with the level of customer satisfaction reached 99.9997%.

Position in Six Sigma

Position levels for insiders in Six Sigma Methodology are:

  • Champion / Sponsor (Top Management)
  • Master Black Belt
  • Black Belt
  • Green Belt
  • Team Members (Team Members)
  • Process Owner (Owner or person working on the process)

Knowledge of Statistics is a must-have for people using the Six Sigma Methodology especially in Green Belt, Black Belt and Master Black Belt positions.

To obtain the Green Belt certification, Black Belt and Master Black Belt are required special training and are tested by a testing body such as ASQ (United States) and SQI (Singapore).
Stages of DMAIC

There are 5 stages used by Six Sigma in problem solving known as DMAIC method, that is:

  1. DEFINE

That is the first stage in Six Sigma to define and select problems to be solved along with Cost, benefits and impact on Customer (customer)

Tools (Tools) used in the Define stage include:

  • Function Deployment Process Map
  • SIPOC Map (Supplier Diagram, Input, Process, Output and Customer)
  • Pareto Chart
  • FMEA (Failure Mode Effect Analysis)
  • Affinity Diagram
  • Relation Diagram
  • Cause and Effect Analysis (Fishbone Chart and Cause and Effect Matrix)
  1. MEASURE

Measurement is a Measurement Stage of Problems that has been … Read More

Oil Costs And Its Influence On The Global Economy

The cost of oil has a dramatic effect on the worldwide market. When its traded in large volumes all over the world, The cost of petroleum is a critical global financial variable, meaning that trading is affected by political and industrial issues. Generally, higher oil prices have a tendency to undermine economic expansion since this raises shipping and travel costs, which raise inflationary pressures. If the purchase price of oil stays high over an extended period, the price of downstream products such as plastics and fertilizers are influenced also.There’s an indication that there might be a limitation in petroleum supplies and it can continue to be pushed up costs.

Citigroup claims that there is more inclined to be a continued lack of petroleum than a major jump in distribution in the forthcoming quarters because of weak investment in mining and development, there is a probability of a market squeeze early next season fxtrade777.Possessing a very low oil price for a protracted period is likewise not an unequivocally positive element for the international market. After the amount of oil stays low for a long time, the businesses which drill and explore for oil can’t raise the funds they will need to locate and generate enough. Because a decent supply of petroleum is vital to the financial security of most people, it’s crucial that these businesses have the ability to continue their job.

There are two forms of contracts in regards to petroleum trading: place contracts and futures contracts. This would include the need to instantly deliver the merchandise to the buyer. Whereas a futures contract could visit on locking in a cost for a predetermined date in the long term. This will allow the seller and buyer to protect themselves from the risk of changing costs. However, if overlooked, a buyer could wind up paying twice on a ticket reselling marketplace.

Futures make it possible for individuals who do not need to take physical delivery of their products to profit from fluctuations in costs. Therefore it allows everyone to get involved in petroleum trading.

An interesting fact to know is: that the futures market isn’t a guarantee of the true cost of oil after that shipping date comes. There could be enormous differences because there are lots of things that might affect the purchase price between.

There are different aspects which could ascertain whether the oil transaction will stay low. A few of the events which need to be observed when trading petroleum is Geopolitical insecurity, which nearly always includes an immediate influence upon the purchase price of this commodity. War, or even the danger of battle, will push the purchase price of oil up. In the same way, if there’s political instability affecting a significant oil producer –which happens a lot, as most are growing countries–elections or other governmental changes in those nations can push the cost too. This is the reason why it’s essential to always keep up with the investing of petroleum in the foreign exchange industry. … Read More

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Anytime applying for a pay day loan, don’t hesitate to look around to get the best offer. Evaluate on the internet offers vs. personally payday loans and select the … Read More

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The Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Training

In Quality improvement methodology, professionals those who have knowledge about Lean Six Sigma Black Belts are reckoned as important professionals. These professionals are highly trained professionals and these professionals lead a quality improvement starting. These professionals are trained in the Six Sigma methodology and can be able to lead a team with full responsibility particularly for large scale quality improvement projects. Also, such professionals are knowledgeable in using the techniques, standard principles and tools of Six Sigma. A Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Certification covers all these concepts.

A Six Sigma Black Belt has a thorough grounding in all aspects of the phases of define, analyze, measure, control, and can identify non-value-added elements and activities. In addition, the professionals of Six sigma can be able to work on continual quality improvement by solving and analyzing the quality problems and able to create a high-performance organization with their knowledge.

Courses like quality management course provide entire knowledge on lean six sigma black belt. This should be learned after the Green Belt. Participants those who learn this black belt will be able to assume team leading with confidence and able to allocate roles and responsibilities to team members. Also, participants will get an entire and detailed knowledge of Lean Six sigma and how it focuses on removing defects via process improvement. After learning this six sigma black belt one should be able to apply the techniques six sigma for project improvement. Also, one should understand the topics of Lean Six Sigma Black Belt in a comprehensive manner.

What are the benefits of learning Lean Six Sigma Black Belt?

By learning Lean Six Sigma Black Belt participants will

  • Learn about the basic principles and philosophy behind the Lean Six Sigma methods
  • Learn how to apply statistical methods to improve business processes
  • Learn how to design and implement Six Sigma projects
  • Learn the process of DMAIC
  • Able to work on root cause analysis and basic statistical analyses on process measurements
  • Understand how to identify and control wasteful processes
  • Learn to evaluate daily activities, to reduce cycle times, and improve quality
  • Evaluate problems, statistically and quantitatively
  • Increase profitability using Lean Six Sigma methodology
  • Lead the Six Sigma team in your organization, and mentor Green and Yellow Belts

The targeted audience for Six Sigma

The Lean Six Sigma Black Belt program can be pursued by professionals those who want to develop the ability to guide process initiatives. That is this is suitable for

  • Financial/business analyst
  • Quality manager
  • Project manager
  • Commodity manager
  • Business development manager
  • Manufacturing process engineer
  • Continuous improvement director
  • Business managers or consultants
  • Project manager/Program Manager
  • Director or VP of Operations
  • CEO, CFO, CTO

In general, one should learn about Six Sigma, the meaning of Six Sigma, its improvements, deliverables of lean six sigma projects, the roles and responsibilities of Six Sigma, how to define a process, the Critical to Quality Characteristics CTQs, Cost of Poor Quality COPQ etc

 … Read More