The term, hydroponics, is rooted in the old Greek word, “hydros,” or water, and “ponos,” or work. Sometimes, it is mistakenly referred to as aquiculture or aquaculture, terms that are more appropriatefor other fields of science that are totally unrelated to gardening.
As the world population rises and suitable land availability for crop production drops, hydroponics will provide us a lifeline, letting us to produce crops eitherin greenhouses or in multilevel structures devoted to agriculture.
Hydroponics is defined as the process of growing plants in a nutrient-infused water based solution. It does not utilize soil; rather, the root system depends on perlite, clay pellets or any other inert medium. The main premise behind hydroponics is to let the plants roots get in direct contact with the nutrient solution, while at the same time giving it access to oxygen, an essential requirement for proper growth.
Before getting started on your garden, take time to know and understand more about hydroponics.
Advantages of Hydroponics
Growing with hydroponics offers a lot of advantages, the most important of which is a significantly higher rate of plant growth. With the recommended setup, your plants will mature up to 25% more quickly and yield as much as 30% more than if you grew them in soil.
This is essentially because plants don’t have to work so much to access their required nutrients. Even a small root system will give the plant everything it needs, so the plant can focus more on growing upward rather than expanding the root system downward.
However, this will require careful control of the nutrient solution and pH levels. In addition, a hydroponic system will consume less water than its soil-based counterpart, considering that the system is enclosed and evaporation is less. Of course, hydroponics is more environment-friendly because it controls waste and pollution from soil runoff.
Hydroponics is a great option for all kinds of growers. That’s because you will be able to control the variables meticulously, which means you can also control how well your plants grow. Compared to a soil-based garden, a well-maintained hydroponic system will amaze your with its results, both in terms of plant quality and the amount of produce yielded.
If you’re thinking of big, juicy, yummy plants, then nothing can work better for you than hydroponics. It does seem intimidating at first when you think of all that equipment and work required, but once you get the hang of it, you will find that it’s actually easier than you thought. The key is to fill yourself with knowledge from reading and from actually talking to an expert if possible.